Mount Etna is the largest volcano in Europe (about 3,340 meters). Its origins date back about 500 thousand years ago, when the gulf that stretched between the mountains and the Peloritans Hyblaean was submerged by the first sub -marine eruptions that gave rise to Etna.
Today the volcano occupies an area of 1,570 km2 and has a perimeter of 212 km to the East, overlooking the Ionian Sea, while to the north is limited by the lava bed of the river Alcantara. The Simeto surrounds the west and southwest. The top of the volcano consists of the central crater, the north–east crater and south-east crater. The magma erupted from Etna, comes from a depth of about 100 km. Valle del Bove, is a part of the volcano facing east, 7 km long and 5 wide. Its landscape consists of petrified lava which forms high walls also over 1,000 meters.
The excursions to Mount Etna are different because related to many types of courses. Among them, a particular route may be the route by train Circumetnea. Starting from the station Borgo di Catania, passed Misterbianco, you can see the villages on the slopes of the volcano, Paternò, Santa Maria di Licodia, Adrano. After Bronte, there are no towns, as it passes through a lava flow string. The highest altitude reachable by train is 976 meters, where you can admire a wide valley and the picturesque cliff of the Rock Calanna. At the halfway mark there’s Randazzo, located to the north of the volcano. Immediately after Randazzo begins the descent along the valley of the Alcantara. The landscape becomes particularly fascinating because it includes both the campaign with citrus groves, olive trees, vines, prickly pears, and the Ionian coast with its wonderful sea. The terminus of the route is the City of Riposto.